Sunday, July 12, 2020

We Live In A Liquid World. Critically Discuss This Statement Essay

We Live In A Liquid World. Critically Discuss This Statement Essay We Live In A Liquid World. Critically Discuss This Statement â€" Essay Example > Role of Globalization in Determining how People Live with OthersGlobalization is the increase in connectivity and interdependence of markets, businesses and people all over the world. It is the process describing the spread and linking of trade, communication, production and technological innovations all over the globe. Globalization is an advancement which steadily restructures interactive phases among countries by removing barriers in the fields of culture, communication, economic trade, mobilization of resources among other areas. It is a process involving the intensification of politics, economies and social relations across national boundaries. It is the process that transforms isolated economies scattered all over the world to a unified global economy. Many scholars have defined globalization differently, but many agree that it is a process aimed at bringing goods, services, communication and trade ties closer to the people all over the world. Through this, the world has bee n turned into a global village where goods and services are transferred easily to areas where their demand exists (Nazombe, 2006). The process of globalization has transformed the lives of people all over the world in many ways and definitely changing their styles of living. The process has brought both positive and negative effects to majority of people all over the world causing fortune to some and disadvantage to others. The constant search for money and wealth by people as they desire to improve their standards of living and meet their basic needs has thrived nations’ economies. As a result, this has lead to increase in income inequalities, violation of basic human rights and increase in environmental pollution. The process of globalization whether positive or negative, is inevitable and continues to transform the lives of people in many different aspects. In this regard it is good for the world to accept such changes and create new mechanisms that can help the world in adap ting to these changes. The process has greatly been influenced by technological advancements especially in the last two decades making it easier for people to move, communicate and participate in international trade. The process of globalization has created an opportunity for the world to disseminate ideas, practices and share in technological advancements. It has brought modernization of the world as many nations seek to be universally linked to the rest of the world. The process has caused internationalization and the liberalization of markets all over the world. Globalization has many benefits as well as costs (Goldberg and Pavcnik, 2003). Many countries have succeeded through well managed globalization measures while others have remained vulnerable due to poor planning or lack of planning for the process. Globalization has influenced the behaviors of people by a great extent over time. The connectivity of the world through road, railway, sea and air has enabled many people from different nations to meet and interact freely. Many people have changed or transformed their way of living through the adoption of foreign cultures and living styles. Globalization has greatly helped the tourism industry to thrive though not evenly across the globe. Through tourism, people have learnt about other peoples’ cultures and possibly copying them. The tourism industry in Europe has been growing in the last decade and many people from all over the world have visited tourist attraction sites in this continent while others have changed their nationality to countries of choice and consequently relocating to foreign countries.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Percent Composition by Mass Example Problem

Percent composition by mass is a statement of the percent mass of each element in a chemical compound or the percent mass of components of a solution or alloy. This worked example chemistry problem works through the steps to calculate percent composition by mass. The example is for a sugar cube dissolved in a cup of water. Percent Composition by Mass Question A 4 g sugar cube (Sucrose: C12H22O11) is dissolved in a 350 ml teacup of 80 Â °C water. What is the percent composition by mass of the sugar solution? Given: Density of water at 80 Â °C 0.975 g/ml Percent Composition Definition Percent Composition by Mass is the mass of the solute divided by the mass of the solution (mass of the solute plus mass of the solvent), multiplied by 100. How to Solve the Problem Step 1 - Determine mass of solute We were given the mass of the solute in the problem. The solute is the sugar cube. masssolute 4 g of C12H22O11 Step 2 - Determine mass of solvent The solvent is the 80 Â °C water. Use the density of the water to find the mass. density mass/volume mass density x volume mass 0.975 g/ml x 350 ml masssolvent 341.25 g Step 3 - Determine the total mass of the solution msolution msolute msolvent msolution 4 g 341.25 g msolution 345.25 g Step 4 - Determine percent composition by mass of the sugar solution. percent composition (msolute / msolution) x 100 percent composition ( 4 g / 345.25 g) x 100 percent composition ( 0.0116) x 100 percent composition 1.16% Answer: The percent composition by mass of the sugar solution is 1.16% Tips for Success Its important to remember you use the total mass of the solution and not just the mass of the solvent. For dilute solutions, this doesnt make a huge difference, but for concentrated solutions, youll get a wrong answer.If youre given the mass of solute and mass of solvent, life is easy, but if youre working with volumes, youll need to use density to find the mass. Remember density varies according to temperature. Its unlikely youll find a density value corresponding to your exact temperature, so expect this calculation to introduce a small amount of error into your calculation.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Night - Original Writing - 1169 Words

In the morning, I woke up to a completely silent room. With a groan, I rolled over in my bed, opening my eyes to see Vic s bed empty. He wasn t in the dorm, so that told he must ve went out to do something before class. Slowly, I got out of bed and got dressed in some of the clothes that I brought along with me. Once I was dressed, I made my way out of the room and down the stairs. Almost everyone was crowded in one spot; The kitchen. I knew this was going to happen. With an annoyed huff, I shoved past people who glared at me, not that I cared. Once I was at the counter, I settled on eating an apple and weaved back out to a table. I gazed at everyone around me. They didn t seemed to be as focused on me like they were yesterday. Morning! I heard Justin s familiar voice from my other side before he took a seat next to me. I kept quiet, biting into my apple and staring off into the kitchen. It s like this every morning, you ll only avoid it if you sneak cereal or something into your dorms. Is that against the rules? Yeah, haven t you read the rules? Justin asked quickly. Nah, I don t feel like it. I brushed it off nonchalantly, looking away from his gaze. I could tell that ticked him off a bit. If you don t read them and sign, you re going to be kicked out. They ll send you to another school, I know. A guy I knew a few months ago didn t listen and was sent to some strict school out in England. He s not having a good time there. Justin rambled, and forShow MoreRelatedNight Nights - Original Writing845 Words   |  4 Pagesuntil night time. We all would camp out in the living, our parents would tuck us in and then it was off to bed. Sleeping peacefully until one of my cousins woke us all up screaming while she was sleeping. Night after night we had to deal with this. The following year I as well as all of my cousins anticipated the same thing. Peacefully sleeping only to be awaken in the middle of the night by shears of horror. But to all of our surprise my cousin sleep peacefully all the way through the night everyRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing1183 Words   |  5 Pagesfell to the floor convulsing in pain. She was turning and realised that no one could save her. She took her last breath realising she was going to become like him. A vampire. Experiencing the final stages of her turning her back arched. That was the night of her transformation. Read MoreThe Night - Original Writing792 Words   |  4 Pagesenlightning. My parents died. I was six years old. They died, because of me. We got in a reasonable argument about Clifford the Big Red Dog, of all things. I stormed out of the house at 8:00 pm. I remember how glistening the stars were that night, how the colors of purple and dark blue collided in the sky and how the moon was full and shined with what seemed like a never-ending light. I just kept running, laughing like the obnoxious six year I was. They ran after me calling my name, I justRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing1528 Words   |  7 PagesAfter a long restless night, Allie had a servant draw a hot bath for her just after daybreak. She stepped in, sat down, and then let her entire body slip beneath the water. She held her nose as she wet her copper locks and soaped her head. She intended to bring the shine back- she did not like the dull creature that stared back at her from the mirror the night before. The hot water was soothing; it felt good on her tired body. After washing, s he lay there and let the warm water soak the tirednessRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing1580 Words   |  7 PagesEverything was beautiful that night. The sky was as clear as the spring water. The weather was so beautiful that we thought that we were not in the summer. I was sitting outside the house in our garden with my parents. We were having a nice chat after a delicious homemade crispy chicken with fries that my mom usually do. Everything was just perfect until my father received the unexpected call. The call that I wished my father didn’t receive. â€Å"Hello†¦what! What are you saying! Calm down I’m comingRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing906 Words   |  4 PagesEvelyn peeked down the hall from her bedroom making sure the light to her parents’ room was off, indicating that they had gone to sleep. When she saw the darkened hallway she knew that her parents had gone down for the night. Her younger sisters, ages 10 and 8, had been put to sleep a couple hours before. There was no one watching. Evelyn tiptoed down the stairs—thank God they were carpeted, which helped shield the noise of her steps—and she grabbed her mom’s car keys carefully exiting the houseRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing1004 Words   |  5 PagesThe crowd filled out of the arena, the buzz and excitement leaving with them. Dark walls echoed the heavy sounds of the metal equipment as it was scraped across the floor by the road crew. In the absence of the band, the crowd and the music, the atmosphere seemed as ble ak and empty as the crowd floor itself. Suddenly, echoes of past joyous screams were replaced by a single, blood curdling scream coming from the direction of the cloakroom. The sound, filled with fear, tore through the arena and bouncedRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing1332 Words   |  6 Pages Waking up to the smell of strawberry jam and toast coming from the kitchen, Dan looks over at his clock to see that it is 7:30. Forcing himself up, he throws on a set of clothes and tiptoed down the stairs to be sure not to wake up Lisa. When he got to the bottom of the stairs, Dan sees both his parents, father at the kitchen table drinking coffee and reading the newspaper, and mother at the counter spreading the jam on the mountain of toast beside her. The quiet morning is comfortable and pleasantRead MoreThe Night - Original Writing723 Words   |  3 PagesDuring the summer you can find the same scene on any Saturday night. I see an elderly man near the entrance setting behind a table covered with stacks of booklets. I can tell he is employed by the park by the dark green polo shirt and tan ball cap he is wearing. Even from a distance I can hear him shout, â€Å"Programs! Get your programs. Three dollars!† As a middle aged man wearing a dark t-shirt and baggy blue jeans wal ks through the door. It becomes obvious that he is experienced with the process.Read MoreThe Night - Original Writing859 Words   |  4 Pagesfriends ran out to see what all the laughing was about. They watched the video and began cracking up too. After, we all went back inside due to the amount of bugs outside. We spent the rest of the night talking and laughing until we all fell asleep at around two in the morning. This was the last night we all spent together before heading off to college. Even though it was in the middle of the summer, life took over and we were all busy on different days. The one way that we were able to keep in contact

Charles Perkins Freedom Rides free essay sample

Perkins was born in Alice Springs in 1936. His early education was at school in Adelaide. A skilled soccer player, Perkins played professional soccer in England from 1957 to 1960. Having turned down an offer to try out for Manchester United, he returned to Australia to coach a local Adelaide team. Here he became vice president of the Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines. Perkins moved to Sydney in 1962 and in 1963 became captain and coach of the Pan Hellenic Club. to redress it. The tour was also a response to the criticism that Australians were quick to champion the work of Martin Luther King and the United States civil rights movement but slow to do anything to redress racism in Australia. In the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, African Americans led a program of protest and civil disobedience against racist policies that denied people their civil rights. In Australia, the activists of the Freedom Ride were concerned with: †¢ Aborigines’ appalling living and health conditions †¢ Aborigines being forced to live on reserves outside country towns †¢ local authorities denying Aborigines access to facilities like hotels, clubs and swimming pools †¢ the fact that Aborigines were not counted as citizens in their own land. The ? rst step in each town was to survey both indigenous and non-indigenous people to ? nd out about the living, education and health conditions of local Aborigines. If there was an issue of blatant discrimination, the Freedom Riders took action to publicise and hopefully overturn it. Perkins admired the efforts of the US civil rights activist Martin Luther King, and he encouraged SAFA members to read King’s ‘letter from Birmingham Gaol’. Source 10. 1. 1 Source 10. 1. 2 A young Charles Perkins receives a trophy as captain–coach of Adelaide Croatia football club, 1961. In 1963 he also began studies at Sydney University, where he was a founding member of Student Action for Aborigines (SAFA), later becoming president. On 12 February 1965, he and fellow student Jim Spigelman led about 28 others on a 14-day, 3200-kilometre bus tour of rural New South Wales that became known as the Freedom Ride. THE 1965 FREEDOM RIDE The tour targeted towns like Walgett, Moree and Kempsey, which had the reputation of being racist towards their Aboriginal inhabitants, and included some like Lismore that were supposed to have better records. The aim was to raise awareness of discrimination against Aboriginal people and to try Photograph showing the Freedom Riders with the bus that took them on their month-long campaign 44 RETROactive 2 CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP FOCUS Perkins was particularly interested in King’s emphasis on ‘non-violent direct action’ and establishing ‘creative tension’ by dramatically highlighting examples of discrimination so that people could not continue to ignore them. Whereas the 1961 Freedom Rides in the United States had speci? cally focused on the desegregation of interstate transport, in Australia the focus was on the desegregation of leisure facilities in country towns and information-gathering on race relations in rural New South Wales. The ? st two stops were at Wellington and Gullargambone, where the Aboriginal people surveyed spoke of their need for housing and access to fresh water on the reserves. Racial discrimination was a major problem and not one that th e local indigenous people felt they could work with SAFA to ? ght. The bus moved on to Walgett. who had been murdered on a country road while campaigning in Alabama. They saw four or ? ve cars surrounding them and were relieved to ? nd that these were driven by local Aborigines who had come out to offer protection. The other trucks and cars disappeared. A journalist itnessed the incident and it became headline news in the Sydney Morning Herald, the Daily Mirror and the Australian. Mirror reporter Gerald Stone and his editor Zell Rabin highlighted the parallels between the racist attitudes and behaviour they observed from their work as journalists in the United States and the racist attitudes and behaviour in New South Wales. Moree The bus moved on to Moree and a new issue of discrimination — a 1955 council by-law prohibiting Aborigines and those with ‘a mixture of Aboriginal Walgett blood’ from using (except during school hours) the local artesian baths and swimming pool. Other In Walgett, the local RSL club refused entry to examples of racism in the town included the refusal Aborigines, including Aboriginal ex-servicemen who to allow Aboriginal patients to share hospital facilhad participated in World Wars I and II. They were ities with white patients and the insistence that occasionally allowed entry on Anzac Day. Perkins they be buried in a part of the local cemetery that led the Freedom Riders in forming a picket line was separate from the section for white people. outside the club (see source 10. 1. 3). They held up SAFA’s protest began with a demonstration outposters proclaiming ‘Aborigines also fought’, ‘Bullets side the council building. They then got families’ did not discriminate’ and ‘Good enough for Tobruk, permission to take eight children and try to gain why not Walgett RSL? ’ Perkins addressed the crowd entry to the pool. Charles Perkins got more children of onlookers to try and convince the RSL committee from the reserve. The manager refused to sell them members to change their policy. Members of the entry coupons, saying ‘darkies not allowed in’. A local Aboriginal community joined in. arge crowd gathered and after an hour the manThe Anglican minister evicted the students from ager, four police and the local mayor came up with their lodgings in the church hall because of people’s another answer: Aboriginal children were allowed hostility to their actions. A line of cars and trucks in as long as they were ‘clean’. The children went followed the bus out of Walgett. One of the trucks forced the bus off the road. The scene reminded the swimming and the Freedom Riders left Moree students of the three American student activists thinking that the ban had been overturned. The mayor and the pool anager re-imposed the ban. Three days later, about six children from the Source 10. 1. 3 Moree Reserve joined the Freedom Riders in another attempt to break the ban. They tried without success for over three hours. A crowd of about 500 angry locals, including a group from the pub across the road, shouted abuse, spat at them and threw tomatoes and rotten eggs at them and the bus. Perkins later said he feared for his life during this incident. The confrontation received huge press coverage and also television coverage from a BBC crew and a team from Channel Seven’s investigative program Seven Days. Many journalists made comparisons between the racist attitudes shown in Moree and those evident towards African Americans in A photograph of the picket line formed by the Freedom Riders outside the United States. Walgett RSL club in 1965 245 CHAPTER 10: PEOPLE POWER Finally, the police escorted the Freedom Riders out of Moree. The bus continued on to Lismore, Bowraville and Kempsey before returning to Sydney. Source 10. 1. 4 An extract from Gerald Stone’s newspaper account of the Freedom Riders’ experiences in Moree MOREE, Saturday. Mob violence exploded here today as student freedom riders were attacked by a crowd crazed with race hate. White women spat on girl students and screamed ? lthy words as the students tried to win Aboriginal children admission to the town baths. Several people were arrested and the town’s mayor, Alderman William Lloyd, pitched into the battle, grabbing students by the scruff of their necks and hurling them out of the way. Throughout the ? ghting a barrage of eggs and rotten fruit rained on the students. Mr Jim Spigelman, a 19-year-old student from Maroubra, was smacked to the ground while the 500-strong crowd roared its approval. Sunday Mirror, 21 February 1965. Lyall Munro, one of the Aboriginal children who swam in the Moree pool as part of the Freedom Ride protest, was later inspired by these events to become an activist himself. In March 2004, he was a spokesperson for the Aboriginal community at Redfern following the death of teenager T. J. Hickey. He spoke out against the overpolicing and police mistreatment of Aboriginal youth in the Redfern area. Source 10. 1. 6 Source 10. 1. 5 A photograph showing Charles Perkins being led away from the Moree pool in February 1965 after locals confronted the student demonstrators and violence broke out ONGOING EFFORTS The Freedom Riders had an impact on the local Aboriginal communities they met during the trip, and they did not want to abandon them when they returned to Sydney. In August 1965, SAFA campaigned with the Walgett branch of the Aborigines Progressive Association (APA) to end segregation at the Luxury Theatre and the Oasis Hotel. The APA continued and eventually won a long struggle to achieve this. Students kept up the visits to country towns, going to Bega, Dareton, Bowraville and Coonamble, where they publicised many instances of racism and pressured communities and authorities to change their ways. Photograph of Charles Perkins and local children in the Moree pool, 1965. Perkins’s simple act of swimming in the pool was a stand against racial discrimination. 246 RETROactive 2 CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP FOCUS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CHARLES PERKINS AND THE FREEDOM RIDE The Freedom Ride occurred at a time when Australians were beginning to see the injustice of obvious examples of racism like those evident in the segregation of facilities in many country towns. It generated discussion and debate throughout Australia about the plight of indigenous communities, and media coverage stimulated national and international pressure for reform. Through the Freedom Ride, Charles Perkins became a national ? gure and a role model for Aboriginal people throughout Australia. His Freedom Ride showed Aboriginal Australians that non-violent action could result in change. His organisation of protests and public debate demonstrated both his leadership skills and his willingness to take action to demand change — characteristics that continued throughout his life. The Freedom Ride became part of the campaign movement that resulted in the 1967 referendum (see page 190) giving citizenship to Aboriginal people — a result supported by 89 per cent of voters. The two events and Australia’s economic prosperity at the time stimulated expectations that governments would intervene to address problems of inequality. This process began in 1972 when the Whitlam government took of? ce (see page 272). In the late 1960s, student activism focused more on protest against Australia’s involvement in war in Vietnam. Charles Perkins continued throughout his life to campaign for Aboriginal rights. He protested against the reluctance of authorities to allow self-determination for Aboriginal Australians and against government failure to effectively address the inequalities in Aboriginal Australians’ access to education, health, housing, employment and the law. Charles Perkins died of kidney failure on 18 October 2000. He was granted a state funeral — an honour usually given only to those who have held signi? ant government of? ce. ABC television broadcast the funeral, and traf? c in George Street Sydney came to a temporary standstill as a crowd gathered outside Sydney Town Hall to watch on a large screen the funeral service taking place inside. Check your understanding 1. Write a paragraph of 10 to 15 lines to summarise the Freedom Ride. Use the ‘W’ questions (what, when, where, who, how and why) to guide the selection of your information. 2. What impact did the Freedom Ride have on different groups at the time? 3. What were the results of the Freedom Ride? Using sources 1. In what ways do source 10. 1. 1 and the description of his early sporting career indicate that Charles Perkins might have had special qualities? 2. Use source 10. 1. 2 to describe the participants in the Freedom Ride. 3. What message were the protesters in source 10. 1. 3 trying to convey through their placards outside Walgett RSL Club? 4. What does source 10. 1. 4 indicate about how people in Moree responded to SAFA’s campaign? 5. What captions could you create for source 10. 1. 5 to express: (a) its signi? cance to Charles Perkins (b) the attitudes of the pool’s manager? . What stage of the Freedom Ride protest at Moree does the photo in source 10. 1. 6 seem to be showing? What aspect of the protest does the photo not reveal? 7. Describe the scene in source 10. 1. 7, commenting on the diversity of faces among the mourners, the signi? cance of the occasion and what it indicates about public feeling and respect for Charles Perkins’s life and achievements. Researching and communicating 1. Use the Internet to review some of the obituaries written at the time of Charles Perkins’s death. Select from them what seem to be the most signi? ant features of his life and work. Use these as the basis of a brief biography of Perkins suitable for publication in a dictionary of biography. 2. What would you have done? Imagine yourself in 1965 as either a Sydney University student or a resident of one of the country towns that the Freedom bus visited. How would you have responded to SAFA and the Freedom Ride? Give reasons for your answer.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Summary of Sister Stella free essay sample

Summary of Sister Stella L. BY snso Sister Stella L. Directed by Mike De Leon Summary Sister Stella L. is about Sister Stella Legaspi, a typical nun who does not want to give a concrete opinion about the political issues of the nation. Her Job in the convent is to counsel troubled women as referred by Nick Fajardo, a Journalist and her ex-boyfriend, as being useless compare to her co-nun and namesake Sister Stella Bautista who helped poverty stricken people (by sharing Gods words) outside the convent and who has a stand in issues in politics. In Barrio Aguho where Sister Stella B. currently living, the workes of a local oil factory are on strike beacause of unfair labor system. Sister Stella B. assist the strikers, driving Sister Stella L. to also help. While Sister Stella L. thought about this as an oppurtunity to really used Gods words to help solve the peoples problem, the strikers considered the involvement of the nuns as advantage thinking that no one will dare fght the catholic church. We will write a custom essay sample on Summary of Sister Stella or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Staying on the barrio for some days thought Sister Stella L. that not all problems are solve Just by prayers alone. She is now determine to help these people. Amidst all this, Sister Stella L. receive a letter from the congregation about how disppointed they are for leaving her Job in the convent and therefore she must go back immediately. Upon going back, Gigi, a pregnant woman who lives in the convent and one of her advisee, seeks her to talk about the latters condition. They talk until Gigi lose her cool. The next day, Gigi committed suicide. Sister Stella L. then realize that she is a blind guiding another blind and boosting up her determination to go back in the barrio. And with the help of her namesake, she was relieved from er Job in the convent. A new challenge faces Sister Stella L. as Sister Stella B. leaves for Davao to help the latters co-nun. She then seeks Nicks help to writing an article about the strike to inform the people around the nation of what they are fghtng for. The movie is concluded by the death of Ka Dencio, the leader of the strike. He was killed because of the betrayal of Nes, a member of the strike, luring him to some unknown men ordered by the higher ups. But this does not stop the people. Determined to carry on the battle, they are now asking Justice for Ka Dencio and for themselves.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Farm life vs City life Essays

Farm life vs City life Essays Farm life vs City life Essay Farm life vs City life Essay Everyone learnt something new; CAPS curriculum, reinforced the importance of storytelling, learnt how to use the fire extinguishers and how to deal with common playground situations appropriately. As one representative put It l cannot wait to use the new skills In class on Monday! A special thank you to our Lyndon K. A. Team for their spirit, their energy and welcoming hosting skills. You are a very special group of Educationists. We are so lucky to have such an extraordinary group to work with our little people. Thank you! IMPORTANT DATES: 23 29 June Completion of evaluation reports. 30 June, Monday Evaluation reports handed out. If you have concerns with your little ones progress please make an appointment with the teacher. During the government holidays from 30 June 18 July we focus on revision. This is an ideal opportunity to speak to the teacher about your childs 4 July, Friday Market Day for the Cheetah Class Mom and dad buy a cup of coffee on your wa y to work. Hot chocolate will be sold to our little ones during break @ RE a cup. 0 June 18 July Government winter school holidays Puzzle building and Board game fun for K. A. Kids. 1 5 July, Tuesday On Queue Theatre Production A musical extravaganza presented by professional actors. Bringing theatre to our school! Cost is ROR per child. Please pay at reception. NEWS REPORT The Maker School competition ends 30 June. The K. A. Top 3 buyers not only win 3 great cash prizes, they also get to take part in a 1 minute trolley dash pack as much as you can in your trolley in 1 minute. I know exactly which food isle I would target the coffee and/or tuna section!! So if you are planning on buying a new TV, a heater, a tent or a patio set then now, his week is the perfect time. Just make sure your Maker card is linked to our Kiddies Academy group. A special thank you to Liz Adenoidal, mum of M ©la and Matthew, for organizing our kitchen staffs training through Robinson Spices. Liz and her team showed the staff how to make incredible dishes for our school menus. The staff could not believe how quick and easy it is to make an amazing Tuna bake, Chicken -a-la-King and a Fish pie. Mom, you will soon have requests for these dishes on your home menus. Thanks Liz, youre a star!! Standard Bank, The Grove, also supported us during our staff training. They made it possible for our staff to chat to consultants about banking queries and even to open savings accounts. Neo, you and your team where great, thank you! Maker Silver Lakes, thank you for the discount vouchers for all our staff members. Nicole, you are a K. A. Star! Thank you! Maker will be han ding out discount vouchers to all our parents on Wednesday, 25 June at school. If you havent got a Maker School card yet, apply or link your card when Nicole visits on Wednesday. : Teacher Marl © and Carlen, thank you for your informative presentations to our Afternoon staff and the Concert planning groups. You took time out of your daily extra mile! Many families are taking a well-deserved winter break. Some are visiting the National Parks and some are flying to Turkey, Korea, Ireland and France. To all who will be traveling please be safe and dont forget to share those holiday epics with us. Already the season has turned and we have only one month of winter left so lets enjoy it! Till we chat again! Charming and a fired up TEAM

Sunday, March 1, 2020

John Ray - An Evolution Scientist

John Ray - An Evolution Scientist Early Life and Education: Born November 29, 1627 - Died January 17, 1705 John Ray was born on November 29, 1627 to a blacksmith father and an herbalist mother in the town of Black Notley, Essex, England. Growing up, John was said to have spent a lot of time at his mothers side as she collected plants and used them to heal the sick. Spending so much time in nature at an early age sent John on his path to become known as the Father of English Naturalists. John was a very good student at Braintree school and soon enrolled at Cambridge University at the age of 16 in 1644. Since he was from a poor family and could not afford the tuition for the prestigious college, he worked as a servant to the Trinity College staff to pay off his fees. In five short years, he was employed by the college as a fellow and then became a full-fledged lecturer in 1651. Personal Life: Most of John Rays young life was spent studying nature, lecturing, and working toward becoming a clergyman in the Anglican Church. In 1660, John became an ordained priest in the Church. This led him to reconsider his work at Cambridge University and he ended up leaving the college because of conflicting beliefs between his Church and the University. When he made the decision to leave the University, he was supporting himself and his now widowed mother. John had trouble making ends meet until a former student  of his asked Ray to join him in various research projects that the student funded. John ended up making many trips through Europe gathering specimens to study. He conducted some research on anatomy and physiology of humans, as well as studied plants, animals, and even rocks. This work afforded him the opportunity to join the prestigious Royal Society of London in 1667. John Ray finally married at the age of 44, just before the death of his research partner. However, Ray was able to continue the research he started thanks to a provision in his partners will that would continue to fund the research they had started together. He and his wife had four daughters together. Biography: Even though John Ray was a staunch believer in the hand of God in the changing of a species, his great contributions to the field of Biology were very influential in Charles Darwins initial Theory of Evolution through Natural Selection. John Ray was the first person to publish a widely accepted definition of the word species. His definition made it clear that any seed from the same plant was the same species, even if it had different traits. He was also a fierce opponent of spontaneous generation and often wrote on the subject about how it was an atheists made up nonsense. Some of his most famous books cataloged all of the plants he had been studying over the years. Many believe his works to be the beginnings of the taxonomic system later created by Carolus Linnaeus. John Ray did not believe that his faith and his science contradicted each other in any way. He wrote many works reconciling the two. He supported the idea that God created all living things and then changed them over time. There were no accidental changes in his view and all were guided by God. This is similar to the current idea of Intelligent Design. Ray continued his research until he died on January 17, 1705.